Sunburn and heat stroke are not the same thing. Distinguish them and react quickly, because they can be very dangerous for runners in the summer

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sunburn and heatstroke

Sunburn or heat stroke? We use these terms popularly as synonyms, we mix them both through symptoms and through the story of recovery. The difference is great, and the form of the problem requires a different approach.

Sunstroke and heat stroke

Sunburn: symptoms, prevention, treatment

Sunburn is a more common condition during the dry summer months. It occurs as a reaction of the organism to excessive exposure of the head and nape to the sun. The body loses water and minerals and symptoms appear which are a signal to get away from the sun.

The first symptoms are sweating and a burning sensation, but later the body becomes cold and shivers. The body temperature rises but the body will be able to lower it back to normal 36.6. Adults are able to recognize these symptoms, so sunburn most often occurs in children.

Sunburn can be early and late, where the latter symptoms begin to manifest a few hours after sun exposure.

Runners are endangered – when they run in direct sunlight without protection (cap, goggles) and do not cool down periodically.

Removing the symptoms of sunburn involves a quick reaction to help the body cool down and rehydrate:

  • sheltering,
  • laying on a cold surface,
  • wetting the skin with water followed by fan-shaped movements is the most natural imitation of sweating.
  • wintering of cold but not icy liquid, in small gradual sips.

If the condition does not improve after 30 minutes, the skin remains hot – it is a sign to call an ambulance.

Sunburn prevention involves choosing early or late hours for running, constant hydration and choosing adequate running equipment

Running for me tip: The white cap reflects the sun from the head, and retains very little heat

summer running

Heat stroke: symptoms, prevention, treatment

Sunburn may or may not be an introduction to heat stroke. The difference is that with heat stroke, the body is unable to cool down. Sweating stops and warming up begins. A body temperature above 40 degrees is a sure sign that you have a heat stroke. This condition is life threatening and requires an emergency call.

In order for heat stroke to occur, the body must be exposed to high temperatures continuously without being able to cool down in the meantime. Direct sun exposure is not a prerequisite for heat stroke. Hot rooms, buses, cars can also be an introduction to heat stroke.

Sunburn and heat stroke have symptoms, but when it comes to heat stroke, they are followed very quickly by vomiting, weakness, lethargy, disorientation. The body is not able to lower the temperature and goes into shock.

Heat stroke treatment involves calling for medical help immediately, while applying sunscreen tips.

Prevention: in addition to the basic tips for sunbathing, it is important to add that when we train in the summer, we avoid alcohol and diuretics, because they will dehydrate us from within. The transition from a cold to a warm room (climate is the main culprit here) can contribute to a total impact.

The advice that is essential for runners is to hydrate smartly, but also to never, ever wear fleeces to lose weight in the summer. You only lose water and that can cost you!

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